Recently I read an interesting paper by Michael Fischerkeller, who works at IDA (a US Govt contractor that does cutting-edge cyber policy work). The first concept in the paper is that the Chinese HAD to implement a massive program of cyber economic espionage in order to avoid a common economic trap that developing countries fall into, the "middle-income trap".
One thing that always surprises me is that most people have missed the public and declassified announcement that the USG made when it came to how primary the effort of cyber economic espionage was to the Chinese strategy - to the point of having fusion centers to coordinate the integration of stolen IP into Chinese companies.
It shouldn't surprise anyone on this blog that security policy and economic policy are tightly linked, but it's worth taking a second look a this paper's recommendations and perhaps tweaking them. Especially in light of US Government actions against Huawei, which demonstrate a clear path towards US power projection.